A Guide to Obtaining Your Belgian Driving License

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If you’re planning on driving in Belgium, you’ll need a valid Belgian driving license. The process of obtaining one can seem daunting, but with the right information and preparation, it can be a smooth and straightforward experience. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps involved in obtaining your Belgian Driving license.

Determine Your Eligibility

Before you can apply for a Belgian driving license, you must determine whether you are eligible. If you are a resident of Belgium or plan on residing in the country for more than six months, you will need to obtain a Belgian driving license. Non-residents who plan on driving in Belgium for less than six months can use their valid foreign driving license.

Gather Your Documents

Once you have determined that you are eligible for a Belgian driving license, you will need to gather the necessary documents. This includes your passport or national identity card, a recent passport-sized photo, and your current driving license. You may also be required to provide proof of residency in Belgium, such as a utility bill or rental contract.

Pass the Theory Exam

The next step in obtaining your Belgian driving license is to pass the theory exam. This exam tests your knowledge of the rules of the road in Belgium, including road signs, traffic regulations, and safety procedures. The exam is available in multiple languages, including English, French, Dutch, and German, and can be taken at any recognized driving school or testing center.

To prepare for the theory exam, you can purchase study materials online or attend a theory course at a driving school. The exam consists of 50 multiple choice questions, and you must answer at least 41 correctly to pass. You have 45 minutes to complete the exam, and the cost is approximately €15.

Pass the Practical Exam

After passing the theory exam, you will need to pass the practical exam. This exam tests your ability to drive safely and confidently on the roads of Belgium. The exam consists of a driving test with an examiner who will evaluate your driving skills.

To prepare for the practical exam, it is recommended that you take driving lessons with a qualified instructor. During these lessons, you will learn the rules of the road in Belgium, as well as how to handle common driving situations. You can also practice driving on your own, but it is important to remember that you must have a licensed driver with you at all times.

The practical exam typically lasts around 45 minutes, and during this time, you will be asked to demonstrate a variety of driving maneuvers, such as parallel parking, changing lanes, and navigating roundabouts. The cost of the practical exam is approximately €40.

Obtain Your License

Once you have passed both the theory and practical exams, you will be issued a provisional Belgian driving license. This allows you to drive on the roads of Belgium while you wait for your permanent license to arrive.

Your provisional license is valid for up to 18 months, during which time you must complete additional training before obtaining your permanent license. This includes attending a mandatory one-day defensive driving course and passing a medical examination.

Once you have completed these requirements, you can exchange your provisional license for a full Belgian driving license. This license is valid for 10 years and must be renewed before it expires.


Obtaining your Belgian driving license may seem like a daunting task, but with the right information and preparation, it can be a smooth and straightforward experience. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure that you are fully prepared for each stage of the process, from gathering your documents to passing the practical exam. With your Belgian driving license in hand, you can enjoy the freedom and independence of driving on the roads of Belgium.